学术前沿讲座-“When People Commit to Rules? The Interactive Effects of Procedural Justice and Collective/Personal Outcome Favorability”
“When People Commit to Rules? The Interactive Effects of Procedural Justice and Collective/Personal Outcome Favorability”
Decades of research has established the paramount importance of procedural justice for people’s commitment to authority decisions (e.g., a tenure decision). However, a more recent view challenges that procedural justice is less relevant to commitment to authority decisions with collective implications such as organizational rules; instead, collective outcome favorability of rules is essential in promoting rule commitment. We argue that this view is overly simplistic and undervalues procedural justice as it ignores the complex dynamics involved in individual-collective relationships. Across four studies in different rule and cultural contexts, we found that (1) procedural justice needs to be in place for collective outcome favorability to exert its optimal influence on rule commitment, an interaction pattern that contradicts the well-known compensatory process-outcome interaction relationship established previously (Brockner & Wiesenfeld, 1996); (2) high procedural justice is more important in securing commitment to collectively beneficial rules when the rules convey low levels of personal outcome favorability; and (3) rule commitment mediates the interactive effect of the above factors on performance. Our research advances the understanding of when collective outcome favorability drives rule commitment and the differential moderating roles that procedural justice plays at different levels of outcome considerations.
Hong Deng is Professor of Management at Durham University Business School. She received her Bachelor and Master degrees from Peking University and her PhD degree from City University of Hong Kong.
Her work appears in a range of international journals, such as Journal of Applied Psychology, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Personnel Psychology, and Journal of Management. Her research interests include organizational justice, self-regulation at work, temporal work design, and leadership.