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学术前沿讲座——Differential Fertility and Economic Opportunity: Evidence from China's One-Child Policy

发布时间:2022-09-06访问量:38

报告题目

Differential Fertility and Economic Opportunity: Evidence from China's One-Child Policy

报告人(单位)

樊漪(新加坡国立大学)

邀请人(单位)

顾欣(东南大学)

点评人(单位)


时间地点

2022921日 下午2:00-3:30腾讯会议:971-788-655

报告内容摘要

Using China's one-child policy (OCP), one of the most extreme forms of birth control in recorded history as a quasi-natural experiment, we show that differential fertility between rich and poor families amplifies intergenerational transmission of inequality in the country. Rural/poorer Chinese families, whose fertility choices are less constrained by the OCP than those of urban/richer ones, have more children but invest less in children's human capital under child's quality-quantity trade-off. Income inequality persists and increases across generations. Children born to the rich become richer, while children of the poor stay poor. The OCP accounts for a significant part of the declining intergenerational income mobility in China over the past decades. Our results shed light on public policies to improve economic opportunity of the next generation, especially for children born to disadvantaged families, from a demographic perspective.

报告人简介

漪,新加坡国立大学商学院房地产系助理教授;伦敦政治经济学院哲学博士。主要研究领域是城市经济学和劳动经济学,研究课题包括代际流动与分配公正、移民对房地产市场影响的经济学分析,以及环境污染(尤其是噪音污染)的经济学分析。主持/共同主持新加坡教育部Tier 1/Tier 2学术研究基金4项,在American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, Journal of Urban Economics, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Journal of Regional Science, China Economic Review等著名国际刊物发表多篇学术论文。曾获新加坡国立大学人文社科领域研究奖,新加坡国立大学商学院优秀教学奖等。现任Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews客座编辑。观点和研究被The Economist, VoxChina, Straits Times, Business Times等多家国际媒体关注和转介。



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